|New York City postcard. Source:|
New York City is located on the East coast of the USA in the State of New York. It is the most populous city in the US and one of the world's most populous urban agglomerations, the 2013 census estimated a population of 8,405,837. The United Nations headquarters is found here and the city is known as a global power and the centre for commerce, finance, art, fashion, research, technology, education and entertainment.
|Illustrated map of New York. Source:|
New York is one of the world's largest natural harbours and is made up of five boroughs, each of which is a county of New York State. The boroughs are: Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx and Staten Island, these boroughs were made into one single city in 1898. There are as many as 800 languages spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically divers city in the world. It welcomes over 55 million annual visitors and comprises over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia, NYU and Rockefeller University, all of which were ranked among the top 35 in the world.
A brief history...
The city traces its roots to its 1624 founding as a trading post by Dutch Republic colonists and was named New Amsterdam in 1626, it later fell under English control in 1664. New York was the capital of the USA from 1785-1790 and has been the country's largest city since 1790.
|Perhaps the most famous picture of Times Square,|
"The Times Square Kiss", Alfred Eisenstaedt, 1945.
The famine of 1845 drove many Irish immigrants to the city, resulting in 200,000 in NYC by 1860. In addition, 25% of the city's population was made up of German immigrants in 1860, who were driven over by revolutions disrupting societies. By the early 20th century, New York was a prime destination for African American immigrants during "The Great Migration" from the south.
By the 1920's NYC had overtaken London as the most populous urbanised area. It emerged from the war unscathed as the world's leading city and Wall Street led America as the world's most dominant economic power. Constant development and changing political strategies saw the city through difficult economic periods and rising crime rates. In 2000 and 2010 the population reached all-time highs.
Sights to see...
There are of course countless things to do, see, taste and try in New York, but here are just a few of our suggestions.
|Times Square's famous billboards. Source:|
- the Empire State Building: finished in 1931 in the Art Deco style, this building takes its name from New York's nickname, 'The Empire State'. At 380 metres tall it is the 4th tallest skyscraper in the USA and is listed as one of the seven wonders of the modern world, and it has been listed as a national historic landmark since 1986.
- Central Park: 883 acres in size, it is the most visited park in the US with 25 million visitors per year. It has several lakes & ponds, 2 ice skating rinks, a zoo, the conservatory garden, the Jackie Onassis resevoir and the famous carousel.
- Times Square: Known as a major commercial intersection and nicknamed "The crossroads of the World", Times Square sees 39 million tourists every year. Originally named Longacre Square, it was renamed when the New York Times moved its headquarters in 1904. It is well known for the many ad billboards, including Coca Cola, Budweiser, Hard Rock café and Planet Hollywood, just to name a few.
- Statue of Liberty: You cannot think of NYC without thinking of the Statue of Liberty. It is a neoclassical statue on Liberty Island, designed by Frenchman Fédéric Auguste Bartholdi and was given to the US as a gift from the French in 1886. It represents Libertas, the Roman goddess of Freedom and was a welcoming sign to immigrants.
- Other notable sights (but not all!): Ellis Island, Washington Square Park, Bronx Zoo, Coney Island and Madison Square Garden.
|Watch the Knicks play at Madison|
Square Gardens. Source:
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In the mean time take a tour of New York with Frank Sinatra