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6 May 2014

Bienvenido a Madrid

With just one month to go until summer is fully under way, it is futile to try and think about anything else. During the month of May with the fast approaching holidays in sight, it is a good time to start thinking about how to spend your free time this summer.

Now, I'm not one to tell you how to spend your free time, but you might just be swayed after you hear about our destination of the month, because for May we're going to Madrid ¡Olé!

What can I tell you about this city that you don't already know? Well we are lucky enough to have the inside scoop about this city as we have two Madrileños working with us in the office, and not only that but a lucky few of us were invited to our colleague's wedding there just two weeks ago!

In Summary 


Source: www.canstockphoto.de

Madrid is the capital of Spain and it's largest city. The city's population is around 3.3 million and it is the third largest city in the European Union after London and Berlin. Madrid is located in the centre of Spain and is surrounded by the autonomous communities of Castille and Léon and Castille-La Mancha. The city enjoys a Mediterranean climate ranging from 10ºC in winter to 31ºC in summer. It is often considered as the birth place of the Castilian language.




A Brief History


Perhaps the best known event in Spanish history is the 'Reconquista' which saw Christians taking claim of the country from the African Muslims. This ended in 1482 under the rule of Ferdinand and Isabella. Madrid was integrated into the Kingdom of Castille in 1085. It was not until 1561 that Madrid became the political centre and capital of the country when Philip II moved his court from Toledo to Madrid. Although Madrid has not necessarily had a peaceful history with many revolutions and invasions, the city was finally explicitly made capital in the Spanish constitution of 1931 (the was again reconfirmed in the 1978 constitution). 


Throughout all of these events, Madrid has never ceased to progress culturally and artistically. Charles III's time as king is arguably the most notable period of Madrid's cultural development. Charles ordered the construction of street lighting, sewers, monuments (Puerta de Alcalá, Cibeles fountain) and many cultural institutions (El museo del Prado, Royal Botanic Gardens, Royal Observatory etc). Other notable periods were during the reign of Philip III and Philip IV of Spain during which time Cervantes, Velázquez, Quevedo and Lope de Vega produced their most important works.






The Neighbourhoods


Source: www.catfinnema.com
Madrid is divided into 21 districts. Each district is governed by a body called 'Junta Municipal de Distrito'. Some of the best known barrios  are:
  • Atocha: It contains several of the main cultural institutions, including the Reina Sofía museum and one of the two main train stations. 
  • Gran Vía: While this is first and foremost a shopping street, there is also plenty of nightlife and many theatres. It also links to many of the other districts, making it one of the most cosmopolitan areas of the city. 
  • La Latina: Here you will find the origins of Madrid. There are quite a few nightlife spots, but it is best known for having one of the highest concentrations of Tapas bars. It boarders with Plaza Mayor and Los Austrias (where you will find the Royal Palace). 
  • Retiro: A classic neighbourhood surrounding the famous Retiro Park. The north part is very lively with lots of bars and restaurants and then to the west of the park you will find the Prado museum and many 18th & 19th century buildings. 



What is there to see?


Obviously there is a lot to see and do in this city, but if you are only going for a short while here is what we would recommend for you to do in Madrid



  

In short, Madrid has much to offer. Whether you plan to take one of our courses or would prefer to discover the city on your own, it is certain that the capital of Spain will not disappoint!

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